The Blue Book lists a number of conditions that could make you eligible for disability benefits. These conditions are recognized as disabilites by the SSA for the purpose of receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
Musculoskeletal system which can include spinal disorders and chronic pain from joint disorders, and amputations
Impaired sight, hearing, or speech
Respiratory illnesses including cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma
Cardiovascular disease including congenital heart disease and heart failure
Digestive system disorders including bowel or liver disorders
Renal failure and chronic kidney disease
Anemic conditions and blood disorders, including hemophilia and bone marrow failure
Burns to the skin as well as skin conditions that cause dryness and scaling
Diabetes, thyroid problems, and other endocrine disorders
Down syndrome and other congenital disorders affecting multiple body systems
Neurological disorders caused by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson's disease as well as disorders caused traumatic brain injury
Mental health conditions which include bipolar disorder, dementia, depression, intellectual disabilities and schizophrenia
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), lupus, arthritis, and other immune system diseases.
If you have one of the conditions listed by the Blue Book, you still need to make the case that you are unable to work due to the disability. If you have a disability that prevents you from working and it isn't listed in the Blue Book, you will need to make a convincing case before the SSA that your condition keeps you from being able to do your job.
The SSA may recognize your condition as a disability if it is medically recognized and you can demonstrate that the condition prevents you from being able to perform your former job or any other type of work. This can include conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, degenerative disk disease, and celiac disease. Either way, it will still be up to you to demonstrate that the condition keeps you from being able to work for at least one year or more.
If you meet the medical criteria to qualify for disability benefits according to the SSA, there is still a question over which type of benefits you might be able to receive. If you had been working for any period of time there is a possibility that you could receive SSDI, even if you worked part-time. If you didn't work, or didn't work enough hours, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) may be available. Unlike SSDI, SSI is need based and doesn't depend on your work history
Whether or not your condition is listed as a disability according to the Blue Book, your chances of being approved for disability benefits will increase when you have a disability attorney making the case that you qualify to receive SSDI benefits.
In many cases, you could meet the qualifications for SSDI but because of missing or incomplete information, your application would be denied. If this is the case, a disability lawyer can help you increase your chance of a successful disability benefits appeal.